Jacquard fabric takes its name from Joseph Marie Jacquard, its inventor. In Lyon he invented a loom thanks to which you could create fabrics with incredible weaving possibilities. At the Exposition des Produits de Industrie National of Paris in 1801, he presented a mechanism that applied to the manual loom made mechanical  the selection of wires for weave the design onto the fabric. In the middle of Industrial Revolution this modification allowed the weaver to operate on the loom without the help of assistants. In the revolutionary movements emerging throughout Europe, He was accused by textile workers for being the cause of the loss of their jobs and he was threatened with death. It took about 25 years before its first prototype was used well-functioning and on an industrial scale. First around 1820 for wool, linen and cotton, around 1845 also for silk. The final version of the machine called Jacquard, in honour of its inventor, permitted with only one movement the contemporary rise of hundreds and hundreds of wires. The jacquard mechanism on the handlooms was arranged above the swing boxes. It was then in Bologna that the Italian Vincenzi, around 1867, refined the mechanism by increasing productivity. Subsequently, the American Northrop in 1894 invented the automatic transmission of the shuttle making the frame completely automatic. It was then, in the contemporary age, that Sulzer Gebrùder introduced without- shuttle looms.